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How to coach and teach the 1-3-1 basketball offense-part 2

In order to simplify the learning process, there is one variation that is not clearly shown. This pertains to the player in the #4 position. When #4 becomes the high post, he should always get with the guard, moving down and opposite for the high-low maneuver, to create a double screen for the forward coming out to the top.


After setting the double screen, #4 will then go to the normal side post position. #5 will not use this maneuver at all, but will continue his regular movements with the same timing.

#4 will do this every time he is at the high post position (see Diagram 26).

He will do it on the direct feed to the forward and on the guard-to-guard pass and feed.


1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 26
1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 27There are two other methods you can use to initiate the offense and both involve passes into the high post. The first is quite simple. When the guards are picked up a little farther out than they want to start the offense, they can pass directly into a fairly high. The other guard will go through as if the pass had been made to a forward as accustomed (see Diagram 27).
It is more in line with regular habits to let the opposite guard go through. The passer will remain and we  are in the 1-3-1  formation (see Diagram 28).1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 28
1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 29The maneuver would be the same if the feed were made by #2 except that #1 would be the camouflage guard. If the pivot player cannot shoot, he can pass off to any player and the offense starts from there. The procedure is simplified if the high post player can pass out to the wing player (see Diagram 29).
You can initiate the offense in one other way. Again, it results from a pass into the high post. This pass occurs after a pass from guard-to-guard. The guard that makes the pass goes through, as if he is certain the ball will be passed to the opposite forward, or as accustomed to going through when the ball is passed to the opposite forward (see Diagram 30). Remember, he always goes over the top of the screener when there is a pass interchange between the guards. This clear-out by the guard running his normal route leaves the post player sitting high and leaves the guard an easy 45-degree angle pass to be made. It leaves the defensive post player in dire circumstances. Diagrams 31 and 31a shows what this pass looks like when properly executed. Read each column of diagrams from top to bottom. Remember, the baseline guard will cross-over the lane when the post player delivers the ball to a perimeter player.
1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 301-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 31
1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 30a1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 31a
Remember that all other maneuvers by #3, #4, and #5 have already occurred. Note that by clearing the remaining forward on the opposite side of the floor, we have one side of the floor completely cleared for a one-on-one situation for the player at the high post position (see Diagrams 32 and 32a).
1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 321-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 32a
Usually no continuity is needed beyond the options described hereto; however, to continue all that is needed is bring the guard that cut through across the free throw lane and will still be in the 1-3-1 set. The high post player can pass to any player and the Opportunity offense starts moving. A complete sequence follows (see Diagrams 33, 34, and 35).
1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 331-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 34

1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 35

The forward that clears through must remember to always set-up close to the edge of the keyhole when the pass is made from guard-to-guard. When he clears across the key he can help his teammate guard by grabbing him and sending him back across the lane to take the low post to continue the offense. This is nothing more than an interchange between the guard down under and the opposite forward.
There is also an interchange between the post passer and the forward on the same side of the floor. This takes the defensive guard out of the way, keeping him from sinking in on the high pivot player. Please note, in diagram 36, the space allotted #5 at this specific instant.1-3-1 Basketball half-court offense - Diagram 36



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