Team Snap - sign up!
Email icon Join our Newsletter
Sign up to get free tips, plays & coaching resources!


Main Page
Products for Sale
Hispanic Page
Our Mission
Ken's Bookstore

Passing & Catching
1 on 1 Moves
Post Player Workout
Perimeter Workout

Archived Articles
History of Coaching

Line of Attack-Coaching
Coaching Methods
Practice Plan Thoughts
Practice Planning
...Early Season
...Late Season
...Tournament Play
Team Defense
Team Offense
Picking the Players
Game Strategy
Choosing Defenses

Teaching Aids
Coach's Tools
...Floor Diagrams
...Free Newsletter

Developing Skills
...Jump Shot
...Driving Lay-up
...Free Throws
A Coach's Toolbox
Fundamental 9 Plays
,,,The Importance

3-Man Offensive
2-Man Offensive

Read the Defense
Two-Step Rules

Ball Handling
Defensive Rebounding

Full-Court Offenses
Against Man-To-Man
3-Lane Fastbreak
Sideline Fastbreak
Secondary Break
Against the Press

Half-Court Offenses
Double-Post Motion
Double-Post Zone
The Wheel
The Stack
Kentucky Pattern
Quick Hitter
3-out 2-in wide set
....Figure 8
Special Situations
Indiana Weave
Out-of-Bounds Plays
Steps in Building
Reading the Defense
Box Weave
Rebounding Positions
Opportunity Offense
Attacking Zones

Team Defenses
    Turn and Double
    Run and Jump
    Defending Guards
Flexing Zone
    3-2 Combination
    2-1-2 Combination
    1-2-1-1 Zone
1-2-2 Zone
    1-3-1 Zone
    3-2 Zone
    2-1-2 Zone
    2-2-1 Zone
    2-3 Zone
    Run and Jump
    1-2-1-1 Zone
    1-3-1 Zone

Site Map
Readers Write
Legal Notices




How to coach and teach the basketball 2-3 aggressive half-court zone defense

The two-three aggressive zone with traps requires determination, intelligent anticipation, and vigorous execution of the necessary slides. Players must be active and animated. Everyone must hold their arms high, ready and probing, closing the passing lanes. They must vocalize with one another using commands and warnings.

Those in the back line must direct the front-line players to the strong side of the offensive formation to prevent a high-post player from getting the ball. In this type of zone, the high post player must be doubled from front and back.

The two men in front have great freedom to pressure the ball. They can move out toward the center and influence the ball handler to the right or left side so that the initial pass will be into a sideline area, allowing for double-team or trapping in these areas.

When a trap is sprung in a corner, the far defensive player must anticipate a pass by observing the arm and head movements of the player caught in the trap with the ball. The back-line men must constantly be aware that this defense starts from the basket out and never allows anyone in the low post area to not be covered by a defender.

Diagram explaining the basketball two-three zone defense.

Diagram 2-3 (1) - Defenders are in their original positions: X1 and X2 at the heard of the key area, X5 below the broken line of the free-throw-circle, and X4 and X3 at the lower wing positions. Offensive player 1 has the ball out front at the top of the key. Seeing there are four defensive players to his left calls, "Strong-side left!" or simply, "Left!" and immediately shifts to the head of the key. Simultaneously, X2 moves toward 3, X4 holds his position, X3 slides up toward the foul-lane area, and X5 comes up to cover 5. The arrows indicate this movement. X1 should drop off his position so that 5 is covered both front and back

Diagram explaining the basketball two-three zone defense

Diagram 2-3 (2) - Player 1 has passed the ball to 2. The arrows moving into the defensive positions indicate the slides as the zone shifts while the ball is in the air to the position of the ball. X1 moves from the top of the key to front the high post 5 on the ball side. X5 moves from the foul lane to the medium-post area. X4 drops back as 4 drops back. X2 moves toward 2 to challenge the ball. X3 plays an intercepting angle on 3. Should 5 slide to a medium or low post position, X5 fronts him. X4 is positioned to help X2 at the ball position or to play 4 should he receive a pass.

Diagram explaining the basketball two-three zone defense

Diagram 2-3 (3) - Offensive player 2 has passed to 3. 3's corner position is a good trapping area. On 3's reception, X4 the baseline trapper, and X2 the side trapper springs the trap having moved while the ball was in the air. At that same time X1 leaves the free-throw circle area and denies any pass back to 2. X5 fronts 5 in the post area. X3 is the interceptor and should anticipate 4's pass-out direction by observing his eye and arm movement. X3 has a good intercepting angle if he can anticipate a pass from 4 to 1, but if he misinterprets, a pass to 3 will result in an easy basket. The trap will be effective if the trappers do not slap or grab at the ball and everybody coordinate their movement.

Diagram explaining the basketball two-three zone defense

Diagram 2-3 (4) - Offensive player 4 has made an outlet pass to 5, who moved from the medium to high post. X1 pressures the ball, moving from the position he had on 2 in the previous diagram to a high position on 5. X5 slides up the foul lane to a low, aggressive defensive position on 5. X4 must drop toward the foul lane to protect against movement in this are by 5 if he can get around X5. X2 and X3 must be alert. X2 has moved from the double-team on 4 to a position inside of 2. X3 must be aware of the weak-side under-the-basket possibilities of player 3.

Diagram explaining the basketball two-three zone defense

Diagram 2-3 (5) - Offensive player 5 passes the ball to his teammate 3 on the weak-side of the court. X3 closes-out cautiously on 3. While the ball is in the air X5 moves from the high-post to a low protective position on the ball-side of the court continuing to front 5. X5 must be conscious of the open low-post area. X4 alerts X5 that 4 has moved to the opposite low-post position. X2 moves high toward the ball side of the floor. X4, moving protectively into the low center of the foul lane, must be aware of the possibility of 2 cutting behind him to the basket or splitting the zone defenders by moving into the middle area to post as a medium pivot on the strong side.

Diagram explaining the basketball two-three zone defense

Diagram 2-3 (6) - Offensive player 3 has passed to 4, who has moved from the low-post to the corner. Normally, 4 would receive this pass moving toward the sideline with his back to the basket and would have to pivot to make a move toward the basket. His corner position offers the defense a good trapping area. X3 moves with the pass to the baseline trap position. His first responsibility is to prevent a baseline drive and second is to apply the baseline low-trap. X1 moves off the high pivot quickly to assume the sideline high-trap position. X2 moves to cut-off the passing lane back out to 3. X5 delays his move until X3 reaches the baseline position then moves up on 5, fronting him in this post position, cutting off a passing lane. X4, at the weak-side foul lane, anticipates a long lob pass out to 1 by observing 3's eye and arm movement and moves to make the interception; however, since he is the last line of defense, X4 must be ready to drop back if X3 does not contain 3. X5 moves up to front 5.


Note: Players trapping the ball should get close enough together that offensive man can not split them. Also, they should not grab or slap at the ball. Keep the hands high and scream, Trap! Trap! Trap! The idea is to intercept a lob pass to the outside. Keep the hands high.


Learn from an NBA legend...
Our 10 Most Frequently Read Articles:
  1. How to Play Basketball Defense

  2. How to Play Basketball Offense -

  3. One-on-one basketball moves

  4. Basketball Coach's toolbox

  5. How to Teach the 8 Basic Fundamental Plays in Basketball

  6. How to Teach Players to Dribble a Basketball

  7. How to coach and teach the basketball pick-and-roll play

  8. How to Coach the Basketball Give and Go Play

  9. How to Coach the 1-3-1 Basketball Zone Pressure Defenses

  10. How to Coach and Teach the Wheel Man-to-Man Basketball Offense

Translate GuideToCoachingBasketball Website into any of the following languages using Google Translator:

Flag of China   Flag of France   Flag of Germany   Flag of Greece   Flag of Italy   Flag of Japan    Flag of Portugal   Flag of Russia   Flag of South Korea   Flag of Spain  

[Home] [Video Reviews] [Bibliography] ( History of Coaching ) [Archived Articles] [Introduction] [Philosophy] [Picking Players] [Practice Plan] [Team Defense] [Team Offense] [2-Man Offensive] [3-Man Offensive] [Tool Box] [Attacking Man-to-Man Pressure] [ Fast Break Offense] [ Double Post Motion Offense]  [ Double-Post Zone] [Stack Offense] [The Wheel]  [Secondary Break] [Kentucky Pattern] [Man-to-Man Defense] [1-3-1 Zone] [1-2-2 Zone] [3-2 Strong-side Combination Defense] [2-3 Strong-side Combination] [Man-to-Man Press] [1-2-1-1 Zone Press] [1-3-1 Three Quarter Zone] [Multiple Defensive System] [Gym Rat Manual] [ Defense] [ Offense] [ Rebounding] [ Passing & Catching] [ Dribbling] [ Screens] [ One-on-One Moves] [ Post Player Workout ] [ Perimeter Player Workout ] [ Quick Hitter ] [ T-Cut ] [3-out 2-in wide set] [Flexing Zone] [Shooting Drills] [Jump Shot Drills] [Passing Drills] [Fast Break Drill] [Fundamental Eight] [Stations] [Indiana Weave] [Practice Planning] [Pre-season] [Early Season] [Out-of-Bounds Plays] [Balance] [Ball Handling] [Footwork] [Steps in Building] [Reading the Defense] [Driving Lay-up] [Game Strategy] [Offense against a Press] [Tips on Playing Basketball] [Box Weave] [Ken's Bookstore] [Offensive Rebounding Positions] [Defending Guards] [Tournament Play] [Choosing Defenses] [Opportunity Offense] [Attacking Zones] [Legal Notices] [Defensive Rebounding Drills] [Lay-up Drills] [Privacy Policy]

A basketball service providing tips to coaching & teaching the game of basketball to the youth of the world.

© Copyright 1993-2012

Website designed & maintained by: Randall Communications